How does Magnetism Work? How does Magnetism Work? How does Magnetism Work? How does Magnetism Work?

A Look at How Magnetism Works.

How might magnets really work: Deductive reasoning

A review of the actions of permanent magnets leaves a couple of item not clear. Like poles of magnets appear to push the magnets apart. What causes this action at a distance? As if something is coming out of the end of each magnet. bar magnet When you place a piece of paper over the top of a bar magnet and sprinkle iron filing on the paper, the filings line up in concentric lines (ellipsis) that appear to go from one end of the magnet to the other end. These lines, we are told, are lines of force.

We see the lines of force in the iron filings on the paper. North "lines of force" show NO structure and move off laterally at 90 degrees, as if they push against other North "lines of force" coming from the other direction, effectively pushing two North magnets apart. And, South "lines of force" pushes against South "lines of force".

When we bring together opposite poles of magnets we should get North "lines of force" pushing against South "lines of force", right? Maybe NOT. Something is wrong.

bar magnet For "opposite" pole magnets, the push is somehow different. The north "lines of force" line up neatly in-line with the south "lines of force", with NO turbulence or apparent resistance. The "lines of force" appear to "pass through" each other. And, there is a reduced amount of "lines" coming out of the end of the bar.

So, we get the appearance of pulling instead of pushing. Since there is no know mechanism for pulling at the atomic level, maybe the pull is really a push. An alternate way to look at the action of magnets is to suggest that all pulls are really a result of a push, from the other end. The open ends of both magnets continue to push out "lines of force" causing a "push" from the outside (rather than a "pull" from between the magnets.) *Iron filing images are from the Montana Physics Dept.

three ball magnet disk drive magnet

Using extra strong rare earth magnets (neodyminm iron boron) and a fairly new concoction called ferrofluids, we get 3-dimensional pictures of the locations of the structured flow of the "lines of force". The shiny part shows the area of "no structure" or turbulence. A second possibility is the "structure" is parallel with the surface. *ferrofluid images are from the Dans Data.Com.

A mechanical example

Maybe north "lines of force" are NOT like south "lines of force". But a distinct kind of push for each pole!

  1. North "lines of force" are non-compatible with other north "lines of force" and cause turbulence and apparent resistance.
  2. North "lines of force" ARE compatible with south "lines of force" and line up neatly, with little or no resistance.

mag pump This is hard to understand. Maybe looking at a mechanical example of how this action might work would help. A two dimensional view of a magnetic particle might look like a block floating on water. An internal pump sucks water in one end and pushes it out the other end. That takes care of one flow. Now, to make things consistent, another level, like oil floating on top of the water, the pump would suck in oil, from the opposite end of the block and push out oil at the end that the water is sucked in. That way, the pushes would be the same at both ends (no net movement), and the "top" push would push against only a "top flow". And, opposite "pole" blocks would have pushed flows going directly in to the intake of the suck end.

Limitations with the oil-on-water example

That is a rather crude way to look at how magnets work. There are several thing wrong with this primitive model. First, if the levels were really one on top of the other, then we could reverse the action by merely turning one magnet upside down. That doesn't seem to work in the real world. Second, we don't know enough about space to suspect that it is dual density. Third, the only way of distinguishing between a NORTH line of force and SOUTH line of force, is to test it with a know magnet pole. Only a magnet can tell the difference.

A slightly more realistic picture of how magnetic particles operate is needed for the next step of deducing how magnets work. If the out flow of fluid is a circularly polarized tube, with right-handed "coils" coming out of one pole and left-handed "coils" coming out of the other pole, we would have a process that works from any orientation. And dual density is not necessary. So, we are going in the right direction.

  What is the energy that drives this spin? How about the absorption of some of the aether particles. As the spin degenerates, a new particle is absorbed. That kicks the spin rate back up to normal, for a while. (We need a reason for the in-flow of the aether particles, which provides the power for gravity.)
The only distinguishing characteristics are right-handed spin and left-handed spin. Spin is an accepted concept in the atomic and sub-atomic realm, even if it is not understood.

Following this line of deductive reasoning the next step, the magnetic spinning tubes (of force) come off the ferrite molecule, powered by the valance electrons (in the case of iron (Fe), 4 = 2 sets of 2). And the size of the tubes of aether is approximately the size of the iron molecule, which has an atomic weight of 55.8. Since the only metals that 'feel' the pull (or push) of a magnet happen to have atomic weights of 55 to 58, maybe the size of the tube is critical to the effect. Aluminum (Al) has an atomic weight of 27, and silver (Ag) an atomic weight of 108: They are not affected by the magnetic field.

The flip side of this is interesting too: copper (Cu) atoms just happen to have an atomic weight of 63, and they are the most efficient conductor (next to Silver) for an electronic current, and generating a magnetic field.

A Better Mechanical Example

Right-handed coils CAN pass right through another right-handed coil. So, "coils" are not the answer. We need a persistent, real-world fluid structure. There is just such a denizen! smoke ring torus vortex

The smoke ring! Little understood and under appreciated, smoke rings are vaguely remembered from the old-style pool rooms. With a fancy new name, the Toroidal Vortex, a donut-shaped rotating ring, looks promising as a mechanical explanation for the magnets "lines of force". tortus ring

In the real world of the "calm" air of your living room, smoke rings are persistent enough to travel twenty (20) or more feet across the room, desolving only when colliding with some physical object.

Serious Speculation

If the donut-shaped rotating ring also had a right (or left) handed spin, we would have a real world fluid structure that would match the effects we see from the sub-sub-micro structures we see coming from real world magnets.


Norman Silliman, October 1997

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